About Zambia

Once known as Rhodesia, Zambia changed its name when it gained independence from the British Government in 1964. Zambia is famous for being home to one of the largest waterfalls in the world, the Victoria Falls.  Discovered on an expedition up the Zambezi River it was named after Queen Victoria by the first European to come across the falls between 1858 and 1864, David Livingstone. Now Victoria Falls is a huge tourist attraction for Zambia bringing close to 1 million visitors to the country every year.



About Zambia

Zambia takes its name from the mighty Zambezi River which attracts tourists from all over the world as it provides excellent opportunities for water sports, game viewings and the chance to see one of the largest waterfalls in the world, Victoria Falls. The Zambezi River starts its life as a small spring in the north-west corner of the country, it flows through the west of the country and forms the southern boundary with Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe.

Despite being famous for the Zambezi River, the country's landscape is mostly high and flat, with an average height of 3500 to 4500 ft above sea level. This landscape is only broken by small hills and a few isolated mountain ridges which rise to more than 6000 ft.

Size: (Approx) 750,000 square kilometres

(Approx) 14.5 million people

Capital: Lusaka

Languages: English, Bemba, Nyanja, Tonga, Lozi, Chewa, Nsenga, Tumbuka, Lunda, Kaonde, Lala & Luvale.

Religion: Christianity, Islam, Hinduism & indigenous beliefs

Land borders: Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania & Zimbabwe.

Climate:  Zambia's climate is divided in to two main seasons, summer and winter. Summer, also known as the rainy season runs from November to April, and winter also known as the dry season runs from May to October.  The dry season is further subdivided; the cool dry season (May to August), and the hot dry season (September to October).

Money: Zambian Kwacha

Tipping: Tipping in Zambia is discouraged.

Formalities: British passport holders need a visa to enter Zambia. You can get a visa from the Zambian High Commission in London before you travel. Single and double entry visit visas are available at all ports of entry, but multi-entry visas are not. If you plan to get a visa on arrival, make sure you have the correct amount of cash with you as change may not be available. For further information about entry requirements visit the website of the Zambian High Commission in London

Travel advice: The Foreign and Commonwealth Office produce up-to-date information on countries around the world. This can be checked on




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