Uganda is a landlocked country in East Africa bordered by Kenya, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda and Tanzania. The southern part of the country includes a substantial portion of Lake Victoria, whilst in the west some of the highest mountains in Africa are found, notably Mount Stanley at 16,768 ft. Uganda lies almost completely within the Nile basin with the Victoria Nile draining from Lake Victoria into Lake Kyoga and then into Lake Albert.
Rwanda is a landlocked country situated in central Africa and also known as 'the land of a thousand hills', Rwanda has five volcanoes, twenty-three lakes and numerous rivers, some forming the source of the River Nile.
Uganda (Approx) 241,551 square kilometres
Rwanda (Approx) 26,340 square kilometres
Uganda (Approx) 37.5 million people
Rwanda (Approx) 11 million people
Uganda: The official languages are Swahili and English. Luganda, a central language, is widely spoken across the country.
Rwanda: The country's principal language is Kinyarwanda with French also being an official language. English is also becoming more widspread especially amongst younger people.
Religion: Christianity, Islam and
Uganda: Rwanda, Tanzania, Democratic Republic of Congo and
Rwanda: Uganda, Tanzania, Democratic Republic of Congo and Burundi
Climate: Although located in the tropics, the climate is moderated by altitude and the inland position of the country. The climate is tropical and generally rainy with two dry seasons (December to February, June to August).
Ugandan shilling is the official currency
Rwandan Franc is the official currency
US Dollars are also accepted in tourist locations and
for payment of visas on arrival.
Tipping: Tipping for good service is widely appreciated.
Formalities: British passport holders need a visa to enter Uganda and Rwanda. You can get a visa from the High Commission in London before you travel. Single and double entry visit visas are available at most ports of entry, but multi-entry visas are not. If you plan to get a visa on arrival, make sure you have the correct amount of cash with you as change may not be available.
For the most up to date information about entry requirements, visit the website of the Ugandan High Commission or the Rwandan High Commission in London.
Travel advice: The Foreign and Commonwealth Office produce up-to-date information on countries around the world. This can be checked on www.fco.gov.uk.