Tanzania has a varied landscape which includes deep lakes, many national parks and of course Africa's highest point, Mount Kilimanjaro. To the northeast, Tanzania's landscape is predominantly mountainous; in this area you'll find an active volcano known as Mount Meru, the Usambara and Pare mountain ranges and the famous Mount Kilimanjaro. To the north and west of the country lie Africa's 'Great Lakes'; the largest of which is Lake Victoria which is not only the largest lake in Africa but also the largest in the world. Lake Tanganyika is the continent's deepest lake and well known for its unique species of fish. To the southwest lies Lake Nyasa also known as Lake Malawi, it is the third largest of Africa's 'Great Lakes' but the second deepest behind Lake Tanganyika. Central Tanzania is a flat landscape consisting of plains and arable land. The eastern shore is hot and humid, with the island of Zanzibar lying just offshore.
Size: (Approx) 945,000 square kilometres
Population: (Approx) 46.3 million people
Languages: English & Swahili
Religion: Christian, Muslim & Other
Land borders: Burundi, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Uganda, Zambia and Democratic Republic of Congo
Climate: Tanzania has a tropical climate with regional variations due to topography. In the highlands, temperatures range from 10°C in the cold season up to 20 °C in the hot season. The rest of the country has temperatures rarely falling lower than 20 °C. The hottest period extends between November and February when temperatures range from 25 to 31 °C whilst the coldest period occurs between May and August when temperatures can range from 15 to 20 °C.
Money: Tanzanian Shilling
Tipping: Tipping in Tanzania is not expected, but will always be appreciated. If you feel that the quality of service is good then it is a good idea to leave a tip to show your appreciation.
Formalities: A visa is required to enter Tanzania. Information on how to obtain a visa can be found on the Tanzania High Commission website under the visa section.
Travel advice: The Foreign and Commonwealth Office produce up-to-date information on countries around the world. This can be checked on www.fco.gov.uk.