The geography of Kenya is a very diverse one. Kenya has a coastline on the Indian Ocean, which contains swamps of East African mangroves. Inland are broad plains and numerous hills. Central and Western Kenya is characterized by the Kenyan Rift Valley home to two of Africa's highest mountains, Mount Kenya and Mount Elgon. Kenya is also home to the largest forest complex in East Africa, the MauForest.
Kenya has a considerable amount of land devoted to wildlife
conservation, it's home to Africa's "big five" and it's the setting
for one of the Natural Wonders of the World - the great wildebeest
migration where 11.5 million wildebeest migrate a distance of 1,800
miles from the Serengeti in neighbouring Tanzania to the Masai Mara
in Kenya, in a constant clockwise fashion, searching for food and
Size: (Approx) 581,000 square kilometres
Population: (Approx) 43.5 million people
Languages: Swahili & English.
Religion: Christian, Muslim, Hinduism & indigenous beliefs.
Land borders: Somalia, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Uganda & Sudan.
Climate: Kenya enjoys a tropical climate. It is hot and humid at the coast, temperate inland and very dry in the north and northeast parts of the country. There is plenty of sunshine all the year round however; it is usually cool at night and early in the morning.
The long rains occur from April to June and short rains from October to December. The rainfall is sometimes heavy and when it does come it often falls in the afternoons and evenings. The hottest period is from February to March and coldest in July to August.
Money: Kenyan Shilling
Tipping: Tipping in Kenya is widely practiced, many employees in the tourism industry will not be earning a large basic wage and therefore rely on tips from customers to help financially. Tipping in Kenyan Shillings is a must, as employees will lose money in commission to the money changer if tipped in foreign currency.
Formalities: British passport holders need a visa to enter Kenya. A visa can be obtained prior to travel from the Kenyan High Commission. For further information about the entry requirements please visit the Kenyan High Commission website.
Travel advice: The Foreign and Commonwealth Office produce up-to-date information on countries around the world. This can be checked on www.fco.gov.uk.